For anyone seeking permanent or temporary residence in Canada, be it as a student or a worker, a full medical examination is one of the requirements.

The IRCC recommends specific tests that have to be carried out by an approved panel of medical facilities.

With that being said, in this article we will cover the various medical examinations required by Canada and how to prepare for them.


What Is IRCC?

So what is IRCC and its mandate?

In full, the IRCC means Immigration Refugees and Citizenship Canada. This body facilitates the arrival and protection of immigrants and designs programs to help immigrants settle in Canada.

Further, the IRCC:

  • Grants citizenship.
  • Issues travel documents such as passports to Canadians.
  • Advices on immigration application requirements including the Canada PR requirements (Canada Permanent Residence). Among the Canada PR requirements are that your family members must undergo a medical examination, even if they are not coming with you. The doctor will then fill form i 485 medical exam to go towards your application.

Usually, the Visa office will direct an applicant to have a series of medical tests done within 30 days of receiving an application. The i 693 cost, as well as the i 485 medical exam fee, is absorbed entirely by the applicant. Based on the results of your medical green card exam, immigration services officials decide which applicants to admit and which ones to reject.


The Medical Exam

All applicants seeking to gain permanent resident status, as well as certain applicants seeking temporary residence in Canada (including adjustment of status applicants) are required to undergo an immigration medical exam.

The medical green card exam is to ascertain one’s health to protect the existing citizens in Canada.

The physician carrying out the exam must then fill a medical form known as the form i-693. Effective November 2018, the form i-693 validity will run for two years from its submission date to USCIS. Similarly, the USCIS has shortened the i-693 validity to 60 days from the date it’s signed by a civil surgeon.


How to Prepare For the Exam

Aside from having the immigration doctors fees or civil surgeon fee, there are ways to prepare yourself physically and mentally for the actual medical exam.

These include:

  1. Be in good shape. If you have high cholesterol, are diabetic or have high blood pressure, see your doctor and ensure this is managed adequately before your medical tests. The same goes for if you have a pending surgery.


  1. Be prepared to answer all questions honestly to the best of your knowledge.


  1. Stay off alcohol for at least 72 hours leading up to your exam.


  1. Eat healthy meals for at least a week before the exam. Avoid excessively fatty, greasy, sugary foods.


  1. Limit your intake of black tea and coffee.


  1. Consult your doctor on if you can avoid painkillers leading up to your examination appointment.


  1. Avoid overly strenuous activities like running, swimming and weight training.


  1. Refrain from smoking or chewing tobacco and other recreational drugs.


  1. Get enough hours of sleep.


  1. If possible schedule your exam for first thing in the morning when your body is at its most relaxed state.